Depression - Causes and risk factors

What is depression

Depression isn't easy to get relieve of and is defined as major depressive complaint or clinical depression. 

 As one of the most common conditions in the world, it's a complaint that people suffering from depression can not typically do well, affecting the mind and body, the way they suppose and act, and can beget numerous emotional and physical problems. Continue your diurnal conditioning as usual, as depression causes a lack of desire for life. 

 Depression can affect any age group because it isn't limited to a specific age, gender, race or group, but some statistics show that women are diagnosed with cancer more frequently than men because they admit treatment more frequently than men. It happed. 

 Symptoms of Depression For illustration, the symptoms of depression at the age of 25 may be different from those of depression at age 70. 

Some people with depression also have veritably serious symptoms, where commodity can go awry, while others may feel generally poor or unhappy without knowing why. 

 Symptoms of depression include

  •  Loss of desire for regular diurnal conditioning
  • Feeling tense and depressed
  • Feeling hopeless
  • Crying attacks for no apparent reason
  • sleep diseases
  •  Difficulty fastening
  • I'm having trouble making opinions
  • Accidentally gaining or losing weight
  • age. anxious and wearied
  • inordinate perceptivity
  • Feeling tired or weak
  • Feeling undervalued
  •  Loss of desire for coitus
  • Suicidal
  • Unexplained physical problems, such as back or head aches

Causes and risk factors of depression

The exact cause of depression is not yet known, but as with other mental illnesses, many biochemical, genetic and environmental factors can be the cause of depression, including:

1. Biochemical factors

The use of imaging with modern and sophisticated techniques has indicated physical changes in the brains of people with depression, and it is not known what these changes are specifically and how important they are, but clarifying this would ultimately help to identify and identify the causes of depression.

Naturally present chemicals in the human brain called neurotransmitters are likely to have a mood-related role and play a role in causing depression, and a hormonal imbalance in the body can cause depression.

2. Genetic factors

The onset of depression is more prevalent in people with biological relatives with depression, and researchers are still trying to detect genes related to causing depression.

3. Environmental factors

The environment is to a certain extent the cause of depression, environmental factors are conditions and conditions in life that are difficult to cope with and live with, such as: loss of a loved one, economic problems and severe stress.

4. Other reasons

The exact cause of depression is not known, but there are many factors that appear to increase or exacerbate the risk of depression, including:

  • Suicides in the family.
  • the mood of my depression in the morning.
  • Diseases such as cancer, heart disease, Alzheimer's, or AIDS.
  • Prolonged intake of certain medications such as: medications of a certain type to treat high blood pressure, sleeping pills, and pills in some cases.

Complications of depression

Depression is a difficult and difficult disease and can place a heavy burden on individuals and families, and unprocessed depression may worsen and deteriorate to the point of disability, dependency and even suicide, and depression can lead to emotional, behavioral, health, judicial and severe economic problems affecting all different areas of life.

The risks of depression include:

  • Suicide.
  • Alcoholism.
  • Addiction to narcotic substances.
  • anxiety.
  • Heart disease and other diseases.
  • Problems at work or in education.
  • Confrontations within the family.
  • Difficulties in the marital relationship.
  • Social isolation.

Diagnosis of depression

Doctors and therapists ask questions about mood and thoughts during regular treatment meetings, sometimes asking the patient to fill out a question form that helps them detect symptoms of depression.

When doctors suspect that the patient has depression, they perform a series of medical and psychological examinations, which help reduce the possibility of other diseases that can cause symptoms that help diagnose and detect other complications related to the condition.

1. Tests to diagnose depression

Tests include:

  • Physical examination.
  • Laboratory tests.
  • Psychological evaluation.

2. Criteria for diagnosing depression

Evaluating a doctor or psychotherapist helps determine whether the condition is severe depression or another disease that is sometimes reminiscent of severe depression, including:

  • Judgment disorder: A severe emotional reaction to a painful event in life, a mental illness associated with psychological stress, that can affect emotions, thoughts, and behavior.
  • Bipolar disorder: Formerly called manic depressive psychosis, this type of disorder is characterized by a fluctuating mood from contrast to contrast.
  • Periodic mood disorder: a type of tightening disorder.
  • Partial depression: It is a less severe and difficult disease, but it is more chronic than depression.
  • Postpartum depression: Depression that appears in some women after they give birth to new children, usually appears a month after birth.
  • Psychotic depression: It is a severe and difficult depression accompanied by psychotic symptoms and phenomena, such as hallucinations.
  • Sziszozoic disorder: a disease that includes the characteristics and symptoms of schizophrenia and mood disorders.
  • Winter depression: This type of depression is associated with changing seasons and inadequate exposure to sunlight.

Treatment of depression

There are cases where depression is so difficult that a doctor or person close to the patient has to follow and monitor depression closely so that the patient recovers and reaches a situation where he or she can actively participate in the decision-making process.

1. Dealing with depression

The majority of health workers treat depression as a chronic disease that requires long-term treatment and diabetes or high blood pressure is treated, as some people with depression experience only one period of depression, but in the majority of patients their symptoms of depression recur and last for life.

Proper diagnosis and treatment can reduce symptoms of depression even if the symptoms of depression are severe, proper treatment can improve the feeling of people with depression within a few weeks and enable them to return to normal life as they used to enjoy before developing depression.

A family doctor may help treat depression, but in other cases there is a need for a qualified psychotherapist to treat depression such as a psychiatrist, a psychologist, and a social worker.

It is very important that the patient be effective in treating depression with cooperation and joint action the doctor or therapist can decide with the patient what type of depression treatment is best and most appropriate for the patient's condition.

2. Ways to Treat Depression


  • Medicines

Dozens of medications are available on the market to treat depression, so symptoms of depression can be alleviated by combining medications with psychotherapy, the majority of antidepressant medications are equally effective and effective, but some may cause very severe and serious side effects.

Stages of depression treatment include:

  1. First typical choice: Many doctors begin treating depression with antidepressant medications known as optional serotonin reuptake inhibitors.
  2. Typical choice II: A range of antidepressants known as tricyclic antidepressants.
  3. Last typical choice: A range of antidepressants known as monoamine oxide inhibitors.

All antidepressant medications can cause unwanted side effects, and side effects appear at varying levels of severity in different patients, sometimes these side effects are too mild to stop taking the drug, and may disappear or be reduced within a few weeks of treatment.

  • Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy is also called conversation therapy, counselling or psychosocial therapy, sometimes psychotherapy is used in parallel with and simultaneously with drug therapy, psychotherapy is a comprehensive name for treating depression through conversations with the psychotherapist about the situation and related matters.

  • Electrical synthesis

An electric current is passed through the brain to cause a flood of emotion.

3. Healing from depression

Depression can sometimes be so severe that you need to be hospitalized for treatment in the psychiatric department, but even in cases of severe depression it is not always easy to decide how to treat depression and whether it is appropriate treatment, and if the patient can be treated out of hospital with the same or more effectiveness, the doctor is more likely not to recommend hospitalization.

Hospitalization in the psychiatric department is usually preferred in cases where the patient cannot take proper care of himself, or when there is a serious fear that he or she will harm himself or anyone else.

Prevention of depression

There is no way to prevent depression, but doing some things can prevent or prevent recurrence of symptoms, such as:

  • Take measures to control tension to raise the level of joy and self-esteem.
  • Supported by friends and parents, especially in periods of crisis, this can help overcome depression.
  • Early treatment of the problem once the first signs or symptoms appear has helped and prevents the exacerbation of depression.
  • Long-term preventive treatment also prevents recurrence of symptoms of depression.

Alternative treatments

Some people resort to complementary or alternative medicine methods to relieve symptoms of depression, including the use of certain herbs or some alternative treatment methods, but before using these methods you should consult your doctor to see if they are contrary to basic treatment methods or not, including:

  • Hypericum Perforatum, also known as the Heart League (st. Johns wort).
  • Omega-3 fatty acids.
  • Chinese acupuncture.
  • Yoga.
  • Meditation.
  • Massage therapy.


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